Military Intelligence
Ministry of Defence of the Slovak Republic

Director of Military Intelligence

Riaditeľ VS

Curriculum Vitae

Rank, name and surname:

General Ján BALCIAR

Date and place of birth:

22nd July 1963, Rimavská Sobota

Education

1982 – 1986

  • University of Agriculture, Faculty of Management and Economics

1986 - 1987

  • Compulsory Military Service

1987 - 2003

  • Police of the Slovak Republic
  • Economic Crime Department of the Police National Corps
  • Head of the Violent Crime Department, Slovak Criminal Police
  • Senior officer - Specialist of 4th Intelligence Department of the National Drug Unit
  • Specialist, Crime Intelligence Department of the Financial Police

2003 - 2005

  • Director of Transnational Threats Department, Intelligence Activities Management Division, Military Defence Intelligence of the Defence Ministry of the Slovak Republic

2005 - 2007

  • Director of Intelligence Activities Management Division, Military Defence Intelligence of the Defence Ministry of the Slovak Republic

2007 - 2012

  • Director of the Intelligence Operations Office, Military Defence Intelligence of the Defence Ministry of the Slovak Republic

2012 - 2013

  • First Deputy Director of the Military Defence Intelligence of the Defence Ministry of the Slovak Republic

2013 - 2016

  • First Deputy Director of the Military Intelligence of the Defence Ministry of the Slovak Republic

2016

  • Director of the Military Intelligence of the Defence Ministry of the Slovak Republic

Mission of Military Intelligence

Military Intelligence as part of Ministry of Defence of the Slovak Republic (SR) in accordance with law No. 198/1994 on Military Intelligence as amended within its competence acquires, collects and analyses information significant for securing defence and defence capabilities of the SR, both within country and abroad focused on:

activities threatening sovereignty, constitutional system, supremacy, territorial integrity and defences of the SR,

Given the rapid dynamics of evolution within security environment Military Intelligence focus its intelligence activities on early identification of threats respectively of potential threats (e.g. potential threats are identified threats of increasing military capabilities of foreign power without identification of intent to use them, respectively identified intent without adequate military potential), which negative effects can have an impact on capabilities of Armed Forces of the SR or defence capability of the SR

Military Intelligence evaluates military potential of foreign Armed Forces (Armed Forces of states, which could in relation to interests of SR and its international commitments in military area represent potential adversary), as well as capabilities of its own Armed Forces, including area of military-industrial complex) and security situation (on global and regional level), deterioration of which could result in armed conflict with participation of the Armed Forces of the SR. Capabilities of own Armed Forces and combat potential of foreign Armed Forces are among key factors which influence defence capability of a state.

Military Intelligence concurrently evaluates also negative effects of propaganda (informational and psychological effect on population) at strategic level and their impact on defence capability of the SR. These negative effects, in relation to the defence capability, are proved especially in relation to part of spectrum of resources and supporting capabilities (resp. activities) of the organizational components of the Armed Forces of the SR. They have negative impact on attitudes of society towards Armed Forces of the SR and they have potential to polarize society via security area.

activities of foreign intelligence services,

Military Intelligence is monitoring and evaluating all activities of foreign intelligence services aimed against interests of the SR, NATO and the EU, activities against international crisis management operations and workplaces of the Ministry of Defence of the SR abroad. Main tasks of Military Intelligence, within the scope of the measures against the activities of foreign intelligence services, are comprised of:

    • Protection of classified information.
    • Examination of security reliability of persons with access to classified information.
    • Counterintelligence.
    • Security of the objects of the SR, NATO and the EU in regard to the protection of classified information.
    • Cyber protection.
    • Detection of propaganda and false information dissemination.
    • Uncovering infiltration of persons collaborating with foreign Intelligence Services into the Ministry of Defence of the SR NATO and the EU.
    • Uncovering of foreign intelligence networks at the territory of the SR.
terrorism, its financing or support, cyber terrorism, treason, sabotage and subversion,

The security environment of the SR is significantly influenced by the process of globalization and asymmetric threats aimed against the EU member states and NATO. The current dynamic of the global security environment, international conflicts and overall socioeconomic situation in several unstable regions leads to the increase of various asymmetric threats

International terrorism is one of the most substantial asymmetric threats within the framework of global security. Its basis is threatening by conduct of violent crimes with the intent to seriously frighten the population, destabilize or destroy the constitutional, political, economic and social system of the state or to compel the state to fulfil other political aims or goals. Currently, international terrorist groups tied to the ideology of global jihad (such as the Islamic State or Al-Qaeda) represent the largest source of terrorist threats against SR and other EU member states and NATO.

The role of the Military Intelligence of SR in this regard is to collect and analyse information on activities of persons and groups which potentially could be involved in the planning, preparation or realization of terrorist attacks in SR and abroad. Interest of the Military Intelligence of the SR is in sympathizers and supporters of such activities, including financing and the provision of logistical support for terrorism, the recruitment of new members into terrorist groups, as well as the dissemination of radical ideologies and terrorist propaganda.

Military Intelligence of the SR actually monitors new trends in regard to new trends in the area international terrorism. Their basis consist in transferring of the focus of activity from spectacular attacks on governmental, security and public targets towards to the so called soft targets, represented by civilians in public accessible places. In context of the switch of conducting terror attacks from the conflict zones of the Middle East and north Africa at the territory of t of the EU member states and NATO, there is a rise in the trend of lone actors (wolves), which either get radicalized by themselves, or via the activities of jihadi ideologists and subsequently carry attacks using available weapons (e.g. knives, home-made explosives or vehicles) with the intent to strike as many targets as possible.

political or religious extremism, extremism manifested in a violent manner, harmful propaganda if threatens fulfilment of the Armed Forces and of professional soldiers,

Political and religious extremism represents a significant threat to the constitutional democratic system based on the abidance of basic human rights and freedoms based on political or religious beliefs. Currently, the greatest threat represents the rise of ultra-right extremism (neo-Nazism, antisemitism). Actual trend is the anti-systemic parties and movements establishments focused against illegal migration, Islam and the integration into European structures.

Military Intelligence of the SR gathers information about the activities of both extremist individuals and extremist groups capable to threaten the constitutional system of the SR, its sovereignty, territorial integrity, its ability to defend itself and the duties in area of defence. Threats against the state´s ability to defend itself are also concerns the membership or sympathizers of members of the Armed Forces with extremist groups or movements, the provision of knowledge and capabilities of a military or intelligence character to extremist groups by members of the defence department, as well as the establishment of paramilitary groups

In the frame of the monitoring and analysis of so called hybrid threats, Military Intelligence of the SR also focuses on the increased trend of the dissemination of harmful propaganda aimed against the defence capabilities of SR and against its membership in international organizations of collective security. This area also comprises the search for information concerning cyber activities of state and non-state actors, as well as their cyber capabilities, which could represent a threat to the civilian and military communication and information systems of the SR and other NATO member states.

harmful sectarian groups if they threaten the duties of the Armed Forces and harmful sectarian groups of professional soldiers,

Military Intelligence of the SR monitors and evaluates the activities of harmful sectarian groups within the defence department of the SR. The priority is the timely detection of those groups, whose activities, declared principles and destructive behaviour threaten fulfilment of the duties of the defence department of the SR. This relates to sects whose activities discredit personal freedom and physical and mental health of the member of the defence department. In the case of sects, which activities of are in line with the ideology of so called new, self-created religions, Military Intelligence of the SR monitors stage, whether within their activity does not occur religiously motivated violence with significantly destructive effects (e.g. religious terrorism). Common characteristics of these harmful sectarian groups, which activity of is in the frame of the defence area unique and expressively eliminated are : power absolutism of the leader, purposeful regulation of information to the sect members with the intent of their gradual capitation, a highly organized vertical system of management (from upside -down), obedience is mainly voluntary (stint forced) with the gradual manipulation of the individual to accept this fact and abandonment of the sect is practically impossible.

organized crime and criminal activity against security of the Slovak Republic,

Organized criminal activity and criminal activity against security of the SR represents significant threat for Defence Department area of the SR. Currently the greatest threat in this field of organized crime is represented by members of Armed Forces of the SR, whose activities are focused on gathering of personal benefits via criminal activity (e.g. selling of narcotics and psychotropic substances). It is inevitable to declare that phenomenon tied with organized crime are considerable lower in comparison to Slovak society average. In context of Military Intelligence in the frame of obligation to prevent and protect Defence resort of the SR from negative impact of organized crime focuses on detection subjects, who wittingly tolerate organized criminal activity and criminal activity in relation to SR defence whereby jeopardize task fulfilment within the Defence department area.

illicit trade with defence industry products, weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and dual-use items,

SR is a contracting party of all major conventions and agreements in the sphere of international arms control regimes, disarmament and non-proliferation of WMD. The Military Intelligence within its scope of its competence and power, as one of the security branches of the SR, is actively involved in the process of defence industry products trade through the fulfilment of the intelligence protection of the security interests of the SR and Ministry of Defence of the SR.

The Military Intelligence pays attention mainly to the uncontrolled proliferation of the conventional and unconventional weapons with respect to the risk of misuse of this commodities and technologies by state or non-state actors.

The Military Intelligence is involved in supervision of defence industry products and dual use goods trade in order to prevent their use in purpose to commit war crimes, crimes against peace and humanity, or other profound violation of human rights that could result in harm of foreign political, economic, security interests of the and international commitments of the SR.

Supervision consists of both administrative and objective control, i.e. with regard to potential risks based on types and quantity of defence industry products trading, end user destinations and possible real end-user consignees of military weapons, ammunition, military equipment which could be misuse by state and non-state actors.

The Military Intelligence is involved in legislative annotation process related to defence industry products trading and control of small-arms and ammunition trafficking. Furthermore the focus is on verifying of the origin of the weapons, transfer or illegal handling with these weapons, that could be used in purpose of use in terrorist attacks or in armed conflicts.

activities and threats in the cyberspace.

Military Intelligence, within the scope of its activities, shall focus on detection of state as well as non-state actors operations’ in the cyberspace, which may have negative impact on the defence, defence capability and security of the Slovak Republic. The activity itself shall aim to monitoring and analysis of the actions, capabilities and techniques of the cyber attackers. The main objective is to prevent threats and to avoid unwanted activities in cyberspace of the Slovak Republic. Priority of the Military Intelligence is to protect the defense and critical infrastructure and information systems essential to secure the state functioning.

illegal immigration, International human trafficking and organized crime.

Illegal immigration, International human trafficking and organized crime is for several important reasons an object of interest of Military Intelligence. This topic is connected with criminal activities expansion of the transnational criminal activities, related to the illegal entry and human trafficking to the territory of the European Union. In many cases it includes individuals, whose origin, identity and real reasons for entry to the EU cannot be reliably proven. These individuals could present security threat for SR and other EU member states and NATO member states. With illegal entry and stay of migrants is related an increase of right wing extremism in countries exposed to this phenomenon.

matters of facts capable seriously harm military and economic interests of the SR,

The Military Intelligence in the sphere of protection of the military and economic interests of the SR is focused on possible non-transparent, uneconomical and ineffective management of allocated funds and state resources administrated by the Ministry of Defence of the SR, (e.g. purchase of goods, services, storage and use of property, handling with redundant and useless property) corruption and practices and clienteles activities, misconduct of competence and position, implication of which could cause a great financial harms for the Defence resort or negative impacts on combat capability of the Armed Forces of the SR.

threat or leakage of data containing classified information

Military Intelligence fulfils tasks as of a special subject in the field of security, as stated in the Act on the Protection of Classified Information (No. 2015/2004 Coll.) and the Act on the Military Intelligence (No. 198/1994 Coll.).

Military Intelligence has the authority and capabilities in the field of military currier service and code protection of information within the Ministry of Defence, as well as function of the resort code authority. . Since 1 June 2014, Military Intelligence acquired also competences and capabilities of a special subject of the Ministry of Defence of the SR especial in the area of personnel security, industry security, administrative security, physical security, object security and security of technical means.

Legal Status of Military Intelligence

Military Intelligence is an intelligence service that fulfils the tasks of the intelligence securing the defence of the Slovak Republic in scope of powers of the Ministry of Defence of the Slovak Republic, (hereinafter “Ministry of Defence”) in the extent established by the Act No. 198/1994 on Military Intelligence as amended.

Main principles of the Military Intelligence activity
    • protection and enforcement of the state and security interests of the Slovak Republic,
    • law-abidingness,
    • abidance of fundamental rights and freedoms,
    • professionality,
    • political neutrality and
    • humanity.
Military Intelligence activities

Military Intelligence as the intelligence service involved in securing the defence of the Slovak Republic fulfils the tasks related to the collection, assembling and evaluation of the information important for securing the defence and defence capabilities of the Slovak Republic, both within the territory of the Slovak Republic and abroad focused on:

    • activities threatening the sovereignty, constitutional system, supremacy, territorial integrity and defence of the Slovak Republic,
    • activities of foreign intelligence services,
    • terrorism,
    • cyber terrorism,
    • political extremism or religious extremism,
    • harmful sectarian groups,
    • organized criminal activities and criminal activities against the defence of the Slovak Republic,
    • trafficking in products of defence industry, weapons of mass destruction or with dual use products,
    • activities and threats in the cyberspace,
    • international human trafficking,
    • matters capable seriously endanger or harm military-economic interests of the Slovak Republic,
    • exposure or leak of classified information.

Special activities of the Military Intelligence

Military Intelligence is involved in securing other activities related to the Ministry of Defence activity when fulfilling the tasks of:

    • special workplace for the Ministry of Defence in the area of classified information,
    • departmental crypto authority of the Ministry of Defence,
    • national distribution centre and military courier service in the area of transportation of NATO classified information between NATO Commands and the Slovak Republic, EU member states and the Slovak Republic,
    • securing cyber environment within the Ministry of Defence competence,
    • national military representative for SIGINT.

National and international cooperation

At national level, Military Intelligence cooperates with state authorities, Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic, armed security forces, armed bodies and legal persons and natural persons.

At international level, Military Intelligence fulfils the tasks resulting from the international agreements and conventions to which is the Slovak Republic bound, Military Intelligence cooperates with foreign authorities of similar focus and competence, EU institutions, organizations of mutual collective security. Cooperation is performed on the basis of agreement conclusion, mutual sharing of information, operation of joint registries and information systems.

Providing information and participation in committees

Military Intelligence provides the Report on Fulfilment of Tasks to the National Council of the Slovak Republic via the Minister of Defence once a year. Based on the request of the President of the Slovak Republic, the Chairman of the National Council of the Slovak Republic or the Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic, Military Intelligence submits information in the requested extent via the Minister of Defence. Military Intelligence submits regular information in the form of Evaluation of the Current Security Situation in the Slovak Republic and in the World to the Security Board of the Slovak Republic.

Military Intelligence has permanent representation through the Director within the Security Board Committee of the Slovak Republic for intelligence services coordination.

Supervision of Military Intelligence

Military Intelligence Service Oversight Special Committee of the National Council of the Slovak Republic.

Mission of Military Intelligence

  • (1) Military Intelligence, in scope of its competence, acquires, collects and analyses information significant for securing defence and defence capabilities of the Slovak Republic, both within country and abroad focused on:
    • activities threatening sovereignty, constitutional system, supremacy, territorial integrity and defences of Slovak Republic,
    • activities of foreign intelligence services,
    • terrorism, its financial and other support, cyber terrorism, treason, sabotage and wrecking activities,
    • political or religious extremism, violent extremism and harmful propaganda when they endangering fulfilment of Armed Forces’ tasks, and extremism of professional soldiers,
    • harmful sectarian groups when endangering fulfilment of Armed Forces’ tasks, harmful sectarian groups of professional soldiers,
    • organized criminal activities and criminal activities against defence of the Slovak Republic,
    • illegal trade with products of defence industry1a), weapons of mass destruction or products of dual use1b),
    • activities and threats in the cyberspace,1ba)
    • illegal international human trafficking,
    • matters capable seriously endanger or harm military-economic interests of SR,
    • exposing or leak of classified information 1c),
  • (2) If it is necessary to prevent activities and threats according to section 1, the Military Intelligence takes adequate security measures.
  • (3) Military Intelligence, in scope of its competence, fulfills other tasks according to special regulations 2) and the tasks resulting from international agreements and conventions (treaties), that is Slovak Republic bound by.
  • (4) Minister of Defence of the Slovak Republic (thereinafter „Minister“) provides information to the National Council of the Slovak Republic, to the President of the Slovak Republic and to the Government of the Slovak Republic, that are significant for their decision making and activity.
  • (5) Minister provides essential information also to other state authorities if needed to prevent as unlawful act.
  • (6) Acquired information are provided only for the purposes stated in article 1 and 2 of this law.
  • 1a) Law No 392/2011 Coll. on trading with products of defence industry and amendments of Law No. 352/2013 Coll.
  • 1b) Law No 39/2011 Coll. on dual-use items and amendments of law of National Council of Slovak Republic No. 145/1995 Coll. on administrative fees and amendments as follows.
  • 1ba) Article 3 letter b) Act No. 69/2018 Coll., on Cybersecurity and Amendments and Supplements to Certain Acts.
  • 1c) Law No. 215/2004 Coll. on protection of classified information and amendment as follows.
  • 2) I.e. Law No. 215/2004 Coll. amendments as follows, Law No. 383/2011 Coll. the Slovak Republic on Representation in Eurojust.

Organisational Structure of
Military Intelligence

Structure

Logo of Military Intelligence

Logo

Description:

Silver labyrinth, target and aiming scope with front sight stylised as three concentric circles around small silver sphere on the green round shield. Silver inscription „MINISTERSTVO OBRANY SLOVENSKEJ REPUBLIKY“ (Ministry of Defence of the Slovak Republic) placed in upper part around outermost circle and silver inscription „VOJENSKÉ SPRAVODAJSTVO“ (Military Intelligence) placed in lower part.

Labyrinth – epitomises work of intelligence service solving demanding and complex tasks in often hostile environment and its techniques to achieve goals.

Target and front sight – represent accuracy and necessity of clear-cut decision making in the process of Military Intelligence tasks accomplishment as well as military character of intelligence service.

Ring surrounded by circles – object of interest as well as object of protection.

Specimen of Service Card
of the Military Intelligence Member

Specimen of Service Card